Magento released Magento 2 version in Magento Live Australia 2015. From then on, Magento has been nudging M1 merchants to migrate to M2. Meanwhile, it has been supporting both Magento 1.x Open Source (formerly known as Community Edition) and Commerce (formerly known as Enterprise Edition). But a few months back, Magento provided more clarity on its support commitments for Magento 1 and it has urged Magento 1 merchants to make the transition to Magento 2.
Magento 1 End-of-Life is here. For more details on Magento 1 to Magento 2 migration, please click here.
Magento 1 to Magento 2 Migration – It’s High Time
A blog – Supporting Magento 1 through Jun 2020, published by Magento clearly states – ‘While we’re committed to supporting the success of all merchants, the time to upgrade to Magento Commerce 2 is now’.
Migrating from M1 to M2 has its challenges but with the Magento migration tool and proper planning, smooth migration can be achieved. The level of effort to migrate from Magento 1 to Magento 2 depends upon how you have built your site and its level of customization. Initial estimates indicate that an average Magento 2 migration is only about 20% larger than a Magento 1.x upgrade.
If you are keen on improving performance, scalability, and security, then you should definitely make an on migrating to Magento 2.
This blog will explain the steps to migrate from M1 to M2.
Magento 2 migration involves four components:
- Data Migration
- Extension & Custom Code Migration
Before you start the migration, you need to create a plan and follow the best practices for migration.
- Review extensions and custom modules on your Magento 1.x site.
- Stop all admin activities and cron jobs in Magento 1.x site.
- Copy the Magento 1.x database to the dev environment.
- Build the new dev server and install the new Magento 2.x in it.
- Use the Magento Data Migration Tool.
- Start your migration.
- Make changes to the migrated data (if needed).
- Update incremental data.
- Go live
The Data Migration Tool is a command-line interface (CLI) used for transferring data from Magento 1 to Magento 2. The Tool verifies consistency between Magento 1 and 2 database structures (tables and fields), tracks the data transfer progress, creates logs, and runs data verification tests.
Please refer to our Blog MAGENTO 2 – DATA MIGRATION for more information on Data Migration.
Extension and custom code Migration
- You have to review all the extensions, including third party and custom extensions.
- You need to make a list of extensions you are using and check out/buy compatible versions in the Magento Marketplace.
- If the extensions are not available, then you need to migrate the code from Magento 1.x to Magento 2.x using the Magento Code Migration Toolkit, which will help to reduce efforts.
- Also, we can develop our own custom module following the best practices from the Magento developer guide.
Planning to migrate to Magento 2
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Theme and Customization
Magento 2 follows new approaches and architecture for developing themes and customization. If you have installed a theme from a third party vendor for the Magento 1.x site, then you have to check with the vendor whether the 1.x theme will support Magento 2. Otherwise, we will need to create a custom theme using the Magento 2 frontend developer guide.
Recommendation during Migration
- Use a copy of the database from Magento 1 instance.
- Remove outdated and redundant data.
- To boost performance, you may enable the direct_document_copy option in your config.xml.
Once the Migration is over, we will need to test the Magento 2 store thoroughly to make sure that everything is fine.